sna: Tools for Social Network Analysis

A range of tools for social network analysis, including node and graph-level indices, structural distance and covariance methods, structural equivalence detection, network regression, random graph generation, and 2D/3D network visualization.

Version: 2.6
Depends: R (≥ 2.0.0), utils, statnet.common, network
Suggests: rgl, numDeriv, SparseM
Published: 2020-10-06
Author: Carter T. Butts [aut, cre, cph]
Maintainer: Carter T. Butts <buttsc at>
License: GPL-2 | GPL-3 [expanded from: GPL (≥ 2)]
NeedsCompilation: yes
Materials: ChangeLog
In views: Bayesian, SocialSciences, gR
CRAN checks: sna results


Reference manual: sna.pdf


Package source: sna_2.6.tar.gz
Windows binaries: r-devel:, r-devel-UCRT:, r-release:, r-oldrel:
macOS binaries: r-release (arm64): sna_2.6.tgz, r-release (x86_64): sna_2.6.tgz, r-oldrel: sna_2.6.tgz
Old sources: sna archive

Reverse dependencies:

Reverse depends: bipartite, CEoptim, cssTools, EloRating, GGPA, hergm, ndtv, NetCluster, Rambo, relevent, SSrat, statnet
Reverse imports: BasketballAnalyzeR, BGGM, bootcluster, btergm, CEMiTool, CINNA, CluMSID, concorR, conserveR, dnr, ecoCopula, econet, eegc, ergMargins, fcoex, fglsnet, ftsspec, GGMnonreg, ggnetwork, gwdegree, haplotypes, ITNr, keyplayer, latentnet, migraph, mlergm, MRPC, netdiffuseR, netplot, networkABC, NetworkChange, NetworkExtinction, PubScore, quanteda.textplots, sfc, spaceNet, statnetWeb, strategicplayers, VBLPCM
Reverse suggests: asnipe, blockmodeling, discourseGT, equateIRT, ergm, ergmito, GGally, HiveR, MSG, network, PhosR, pkggraph, QuantNorm, RGraph2js, sand, tsna, vivid


Please use the canonical form to link to this page.