graticule

Graticules are the longitude latitude lines shown on a projected map, and defining and drawing these lines is not easy to automate. The graticule package provides the tools to create and draw these lines by explicit specification by the user. This provides a good compromise between high-level automation and the flexibility to drive the low level details as needed, using base graphics in R.

Installation

You can install the released version of graticule from CRAN with:

``install.packages("graticule")``

And the development version from GitHub with:

``````# install.packages("devtools")
devtools::install_github("hypertidy/graticule")``````

Example

This is a basic example which shows how to create a graticule at specific longitude and latitude spacings and in a given projection.

``````library(graticule)
grat <- graticule(lons = seq(100, 220, by = 15), lats = seq(-60, -10, by = 5), proj = "+proj=laea +lon_0=140 +lat_0=-90 +datum=WGS84")
plot(grat)``````

There is an automatic segmentation that is done at equal distances along these rhumb lines. This is not an ideal spacing but is an improvement on the common alternatives, and is easier to work with when you need fine control.

If your projection is not wildly warped in most areas then the default rhumb line segmentation is the best first step.

``plot(as(grat, "SpatialPoints"))``

This also allows the common case of creating a sensible single polygon wedge, i.e.

``````wedge <- graticule(lons = c(-40, 40), lats = c(-60, -40), proj = "+proj=laea +lat_0=-50 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +datum=WGS84 +units=m +no_defs")
plot(wedge)
points(as(wedge, "SpatialPoints"))``````

Quick and dirty plot

Give it a raster and let it plot, can provide `levels` as per contour (values of longitude or latitude to draw as lines), and separate longitude or latitude plot on their own.

Sometimes it’s enough, sometimes we can muck around to get what we want.

``````tfile <- system.file("extdata",  "nt_20140320_f17_v01_s.bin", package = "graticule", mustWork = TRUE)
ice <- raster::raster(tfile)
ice[!ice > 0] <- NA
raster::plot(ice, col = palr::ice_pal(100))
lonlat(ice)``````

``````
raster::plot(ice, col = palr::ice_pal(100))
lonlat(ice, lon = TRUE, levels = seq(-180, 165, by = 15))
lonlat(ice, lat = TRUE, levels = seq(-85, -40, by = 5))``````

``````
## not much good so let's get the actual arrays
lon <- lonlat(ice, plot = FALSE)[[1]]
lat <- lonlat(ice,  plot = FALSE)[[2]]
lon[lat < -85] <- NA
raster::plot(ice, col = palr::ice_pal(100))
• There’s work needed for when `graticule_labels()` are created without using `xline/yline`, need more careful separation between generating every combination in the grid versus single lines